Act 81 of 2011 FACT SHEET
In an effort to enhance safety on Pennsylvania roads, Governor Corbett and the Legislature have agreed on changes to the Vehicle Code involving graduated driver licensing requirements, passenger restrictions for junior drivers and passenger restraint laws. The new rules in Act 81 of 2011 take effect on Dec. 27, 2011. The changes to the law were initiated to help junior drivers receive more comprehensive training, ease young driver distractions through limiting the number of passengers they may carry and improve general highway safety through improvements to passenger restraint laws.
Changes to Junior Driver Training
Act 81 increases supervised, behind-the-wheel skill building for learner’s
permit holders under 18 years of age from 50 hours to 65 hours. Ten of the added
hours will consist of nighttime driving, while the other five additional hours
must be driven in poor weather conditions.
Changes to Junior Driver Passenger Restrictions
As of Dec. 27, 2011, for the first six months after receiving their junior driver’s license, a driver is not permitted to have more than one passenger under age 18 who is not an immediate family member (brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister of the junior driver and adopted or foster children living in the same household as the junior driver) in their vehicle unless they are accompanied by a parent or legal guardian. If they have not been convicted of a driving violation or been partially or fully responsible for a reportable crash after six months, they may have up to three passengers under age 18 who are not immediate family members without a parent or legal guardian present. If they have any convictions or are partially or fully responsible for a reportable crash while a junior driver, they are once again restricted to one passenger.
Changes to Seat Belt Requirements
Drivers and occupants in a vehicle who are under the age of 18 must wear a
properly adjusted and fastened seat belt, and children under the age of eight
must be securely fastened in a child restraint system. Failure to comply with
the new law’s seat belt provisions is a primary offense, meaning that a driver
can be pulled over and cited solely for that violation.
Forms and Publications
Parent or Guardian Consent (needed in conjunction with DL-180 for applicants under 18 years of age)